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Three Agreements Of The Berlin Act

Due to the eviction of Bismarck`s carefully established balance of power in European politics, provoked by Leopold`s gambling and the ensuing European race for the colonies, Germany felt compelled to act and began to launch its own African expeditions, which frightened British and French statesmen. Hoping to quickly calm this conflict, King Leopold II managed to convince France and Germany that joint trade in Africa was in the best interests of the three countries. With the support of the British and the Portuguese initiative, Chancellor Otto von Bismarck called on representatives of Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden and Norway (Union to 1905), the Ottoman Empire and the United States to participate in an international conference in Berlin with a view to a common policy in favour of colonization. and trade in Africa and the drawing of lots for colonial Sta stases in the official division of Africa. However, the United States did not really participate in the conference, both because it was not able to participate in territorial expeditions and felt that it did not give additional legitimacy to the conference. The Berlin Conference covered nearly four months of discussions, from 15 November 1884 to 26 February 1885. By the end of the conference, the European powers had divided Africa and drawn the borders of Africa as we know them today. The treaty was signed on 14 June 1889 in Berlin by the three powers; Ratifications were exchanged on 12 April 1890 and approved by the Samoan government on 19 April 1890, with four governments having in fact passed the Berlin Act. The contract began co-ownership in Samoa between the United States, Germany and the United Kingdom. It was to ensure respect for the rights of the three powers, as established in separate treaties with the Samoan regime in 1878 and 1879. In addition, the independence and neutrality of the Samoan government was ensured, public finances were reorganized, and the Samoan king elected in 1881 was restored. In an effort to strengthen justice, an American-European position of the Supreme Judge was created and the municipality of Apia, presided over by a President of the Council, was re-established.

List of some of the most important agreements of the General Act of the Conference From the outset, the Conference defined the order of priorities. “The powers are in the presence of three interests: that of the countries of trade and industry, which a common necessity obliges to explore new outlets. Those states and powers that are invited to exercise authority over the regions of the Congo that lives up to their rights. And finally, what a few generous voices have already recommended to your care – the interests of the local population. It also firmly refused to examine the question of the sovereignty and legitimacy of claiming to the country and the resources of another. The Berlin Conference of 1884-1885, also known as the Congo Conference or West African Conference,[1] regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the Period of New Imperialism and coincided with the sudden rise of Germany as an imperial power. . . .