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Tehran Conference Agreements

Other offensives were also discussed to complete Operation Overlord, including the possible Allied invasion of southern France before landings in Normandy, with the aim of withdrawing German troops from the northern beaches, and even a possible attack at the northern tip of the Adriatic to bypass the Alps and head for Vienna. Both plans relied on Allied divisions deployed against the German army in Italy at the time of the conference. [8] List of the agreements of the parties participating in the Tehran conference How did these three giants come together on the world stage in Tehran? Although Roosevelt presided over all the plenary sessions of the conference, it was undoubtedly the astute Stalin who dominated the proceedings from the beginning and effectively opposed Roosevelt and Churchill to impose his own agenda. The American president was almost immediately disadvantaged by being housed in the Soviet embassy (supposedly for logistical and security reasons), where Stalin`s secret policemen could turn to him. These tensions resulted in the most important topic discussed by the Big Three in Tehran – the nature and date of the launch of a “second front” in northwestern Europe, dubbed “Overlord”, whose initial planning had been launched at the Casablanca conference in January 1943. The statement of the three leaders at the end of the conference, on December 1, 1943, listed the following military conclusions: According to Soviet history, Otto Skorzeny`s special forces worked on a plan to assassinate Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin at the conference to be held in Tehran. It was known as Operation Big Jump. Iran was then occupied by Soviet and British troops. The 22-year-old shah, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, had only ceremonial powers.

Iranian leaders were not informed of the conference until a few days earlier.